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Estátua de pescador chinês

Há milhares de anos, os residentes da costa de Guangdong vivem da pesca, e os hábitos dos pescadores, suas técnicas de produção e experiência, o clima e a meteorologia marinhos, os hábitos e a distribuição dos estoques de peixes, os riscos de operar no mar etc. se acumularam durante um longo período de tempo, resultando em um tipo de cultura que vem dos pescadores como um grupo, e é por isso que a chamo de "cultura dos pescadores".

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O mar dá aos pescadores um caráter corajoso, simples e hospitaleiro, os convidados da casa dos pescadores são uma coisa comum, o peixe também é um prato essencial na mesa, comer peixe, geralmente o peixe inteiro no prato, depois de comer o peixe em cima do peixe para comer o fundo não pode dizer "vire o peixe" e deve dizer "vire o peixe! Os pescadores acham que a palavra "virar" tem a suspeita de virar o barco no mar. Quando os pescadores comemoram os festivais de Ano Novo ou melhoram de vida durante a semana, eles não podem deixar de fazer bolinhos, que é um costume tradicional chinês, mas o que é diferente é que, quando os bolinhos embrulhados são colocados na panela, as pessoas não podem dizer "virar". Dumplings" e devem dizer "bolinhos cozidos", porque a palavra "para baixo" tem a suspeita de afundar no mar, o que é azarado para os pescadores que trabalham no mar o ano todo. Quando eles se despedem de seus entes queridos e partem para uma longa viagem, geralmente dizem "Going out to sea", que significa "entrar e sair em paz".

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Fishermen generally have less land, and the fuel for cooking is mainly coal, but fishermen usually call it “zazi” not “coal”, because “coal” and “bad luck” “bad luck” said, very unlucky, fishermen deal with the sea all year round, it is inevitable to have a mistake fall into the sea. Mold” word harmonics, there is ‘bad luck’ ‘bad luck’ said, very unlucky, fishermen deal with the sea all year round, it is inevitable that there is a lapse into the sea, or because of the sea’s temperamental occasional accidents. But after an accident on board, such as falling into the sea and drowning, people do not say the “sea” word, usually say: “overboard” because the sea has a flow, and all objects with the flow, that is, fishermen say “listen to the flow not to listen to the wind! “. Fishermen sitting on the boat when they go out to sea, are not allowed to sit on the boat and put their feet into the sea, it is said that this will be disrespectful to the Dragon King and the God of the Sea, to be retaliated against. At the same time, there is also the meaning of “preventing from being bitten by fish”. When fishermen eat, they have a habit of placing their chopsticks on top of the table after eating, instead of placing them horizontally on the bowl. This is because if you put them on the bowl horizontally, it is like a fisherman who has no choice but to put his oar on the boat when he encounters a big storm on the sea, drop the sails, lower the mast, and drift with the wind, letting the wind take him by the hand.

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Fishermen see the fishing boat as their partner and are dependent on survival of the dependence, therefore, the fishermen love and care for it, and endow it with spirituality, the wooden fishing boat each boat a pair of protruding big fish eyes. After the new boat was built, only the eyes were painted, not the eyes. That is, the side is a big black eye, and the center is a big white circle, before launching, the owner of the boat asked to choose the auspicious day of the zodiac, when the gongs, drums, and whips.

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Ancient fishermen mainly honor the Dragon King, Goddess of the Sea, God of Fortune three palaces, according to certain festivals on New Year’s Eve night or the first morning, fishermen to the Dragon King Temple, Goddess of the Sea Temple incense burning bowing, or to the beach to set up offerings, burning incense and paper, and ask for God’s blessing on a year of peace, fishermen’s family for the God of Fortune, the fishermen every time they go out to sea have to burn incense, which is in order to let the gods see, they believe that the rising incense smoke can be taken to the sky to bring them the wish of the gods, to bless them at sea to get rich. Bless them with wealth at sea, Laozi “Tao Te Ching” said “Taoism is born one, one life two, two born three, three born all things,” so Taoism is very revered “three” the number of, so they usually burn “three joss sticks of incense” before going out to sea! “.

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After the reform and opening up, China’s marine fisheries successfully realized from being “fishing-based” “to raise the main” change and embarked on a stable development path, marine fisheries production has always accounted for China’s marine economy, production for 14 consecutive years. And, at present, maintain a better momentum of development. However, from the perspective of sustainable development, China’s marine fisheries development there are still a lot of problems, mainly in five areas: First, offshore fishing; Second, offshore eutrophication; Third, the lack of marine aquaculture species, aquaculture technology and management level urgently; Fourth, aquatic products processing and testing means backward, quality and safety issues; Fifth, the fisheries science and technology support system is not sufficiently sound, and insufficient investment.

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