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Statue de pêcheur chinois

Les habitudes des pêcheurs, leurs techniques de production et leur expérience, le climat marin et la météorologie, les habitudes et la répartition des stocks de poissons, les risques liés à l'activité en mer, etc. se sont accumulés au fil du temps et ont donné naissance à une sorte de culture, qui émane des pêcheurs en tant que groupe, et c'est pourquoi je l'appelle la "culture des pêcheurs".

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La mer donne aux pêcheurs un caractère audacieux, simple et hospitalier, les invités chez les pêcheurs sont une chose courante, le poisson est également un plat essentiel sur la table, manger du poisson, habituellement le poisson entier sur l'assiette, après avoir mangé le poisson sur le dessus du poisson pour manger le fond ne peut pas dire "retourner le poisson" et devrait dire "retourner le poisson" ! Les pêcheurs pensent que le mot "retourner" est suspecté de faire chavirer le bateau en mer. Lorsque les pêcheurs célèbrent les fêtes du Nouvel An ou améliorent leur vie en semaine, ils ne peuvent se passer de préparer des boulettes de pâte, une coutume chinoise traditionnelle, mais ce qui est différent, c'est que lorsque les boulettes enveloppées sont mises dans la marmite, les gens ne peuvent pas dire "retourner" à la place. Il faut plutôt dire "boulettes bouillies", car le mot "renversé" est suspecté de couler dans la mer, ce qui porte malheur aux pêcheurs qui travaillent en mer tout au long de l'année. Lorsqu'ils disent au revoir à leurs proches et partent pour un long voyage, ils ont l'habitude de dire "Going out to sea", ce qui signifie "entrer et sortir en paix".

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Fishermen generally have less land, and the fuel for cooking is mainly coal, but fishermen usually call it “zazi” not “coal”, because “coal” and “bad luck” “bad luck” said, very unlucky, fishermen deal with the sea all year round, it is inevitable to have a mistake fall into the sea. Mold” word harmonics, there is ‘bad luck’ ‘bad luck’ said, very unlucky, fishermen deal with the sea all year round, it is inevitable that there is a lapse into the sea, or because of the sea’s temperamental occasional accidents. But after an accident on board, such as falling into the sea and drowning, people do not say the “sea” word, usually say: “overboard” because the sea has a flow, and all objects with the flow, that is, fishermen say “listen to the flow not to listen to the wind! “. Fishermen sitting on the boat when they go out to sea, are not allowed to sit on the boat and put their feet into the sea, it is said that this will be disrespectful to the Dragon King and the God of the Sea, to be retaliated against. At the same time, there is also the meaning of “preventing from being bitten by fish”. When fishermen eat, they have a habit of placing their chopsticks on top of the table after eating, instead of placing them horizontally on the bowl. This is because if you put them on the bowl horizontally, it is like a fisherman who has no choice but to put his oar on the boat when he encounters a big storm on the sea, drop the sails, lower the mast, and drift with the wind, letting the wind take him by the hand.

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Fishermen see the fishing boat as their partner and are dependent on survival of the dependence, therefore, the fishermen love and care for it, and endow it with spirituality, the wooden fishing boat each boat a pair of protruding big fish eyes. After the new boat was built, only the eyes were painted, not the eyes. That is, the side is a big black eye, and the center is a big white circle, before launching, the owner of the boat asked to choose the auspicious day of the zodiac, when the gongs, drums, and whips.

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Ancient fishermen mainly honor the Dragon King, Goddess of the Sea, God of Fortune three palaces, according to certain festivals on New Year’s Eve night or the first morning, fishermen to the Dragon King Temple, Goddess of the Sea Temple incense burning bowing, or to the beach to set up offerings, burning incense and paper, and ask for God’s blessing on a year of peace, fishermen’s family for the God of Fortune, the fishermen every time they go out to sea have to burn incense, which is in order to let the gods see, they believe that the rising incense smoke can be taken to the sky to bring them the wish of the gods, to bless them at sea to get rich. Bless them with wealth at sea, Laozi “Tao Te Ching” said “Taoism is born one, one life two, two born three, three born all things,” so Taoism is very revered “three” the number of, so they usually burn “three joss sticks of incense” before going out to sea! “.

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After the reform and opening up, China’s marine fisheries successfully realized from being “fishing-based” “to raise the main” change and embarked on a stable development path, marine fisheries production has always accounted for China’s marine economy, production for 14 consecutive years. And, at present, maintain a better momentum of development. However, from the perspective of sustainable development, China’s marine fisheries development there are still a lot of problems, mainly in five areas: First, offshore fishing; Second, offshore eutrophication; Third, the lack of marine aquaculture species, aquaculture technology and management level urgently; Fourth, aquatic products processing and testing means backward, quality and safety issues; Fifth, the fisheries science and technology support system is not sufficiently sound, and insufficient investment.

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