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클레이 조각은 어떻게 만드나요?

Clay sculpture, commonly known as “color sculpture,” clay art is a traditional Chinese and ancient common folk art. That is, with clay molded into a variety of images of a folk handicraft. The production method is the clay mixed with a little cotton fiber, pounded, and pinched into a variety of characters made of clay blanks, after drying, coated with primer, and then color painting. It takes clay as raw material, kneaded into shape by hand, or plain or colored, mainly figures and animals. Clay sculpture in folklore is commonly known as “color sculpture” or “clay play.”

점토 조각품 제작 과정

The basic material of clay sculpture – clay needs to be carefully prepared, usually clay with some viscosity and delicate soil, after pounding, wrestling, kneading, and sometimes adding some cotton wool, paper, honey, and so on in the clay. The molding of clay sculpture is generally divided into four steps: making a child, turning the mold, stripping, and coloring. The production of a child is the production of prototypes, finding a piece of clay and sound, the use of carving, shaping, kneading, and other techniques, shaping a good image, after modification, polishing, drying can be, and in some places, but also with the fire, to enhance the strength. Turning the mold is pressing the clay in the original shape printed into a mold, common single-piece mold, and double-piece mold, and there are also multiple pieces of mold. The tire is to use mold printing and pressing the mud person’s blank tire. Usually, the first and good mud is rolled into a sheet and then pushed into the mold. Then the two pieces of pressed mud mold together and pressed, and then a “bottom,” that is, in the lower part of the mud person stuck on a piece of mud, so that the mud person hollow outside the strict, leaving a hole in the body, so that the tire inside and outside of the air circulation, to avoid the tire inside the air pressure The last process is coloring. The last process is coloring, known as “three parts plastic, seven parts color” said. General coloring before the first layer of primer is used to keep the surface clean and make it easy to absorb the color of the color, and color pigments are more supplied with color, adjusted to the water glue to strengthen the color adhesion.

점토 인형 관리

점토 인형이 파손되는 데는 인위적인 손상과 자연적인 손상 등 여러 가지 이유가 있습니다.

  1. Natural factors include the influence of humidity, water-soluble salts, changes in the internal structure of the support, the growth of microorganisms, changes in the physical climate (which usually refers to temperature and humidity), sun, rain, and sand attack, the role of atmospheric pollutants, and so on. In addition, incorrect restoration methods and the use of inappropriate restoration materials also tend to accelerate the deterioration of clay sculpture.
  2. The common lesions of clay sculpture are mainly empty dropsy, flaking, crispy powder, cracking armor, blistering, peeling off the skin, picture fading, discoloration, and pollution (mold, insect feces, smoke, etc.). It is important to create a good protective environment for the long-term preservation of clay sculptures. Preventing the occurrence of lesions is more important than treating lesions. Only eliminate and produce the root cause of lesions to fundamentally protect the mud sculpture.
  3. The protection of clay sculpture is important to control the humidity. Because humidity is the most dangerous factor in making the mural lesions, buildings should maintain good ventilation conditions, which is significant for preserving the integrity of the mud sculpture. Walls should pay attention to maintain natural ventilation, the air inside the building should be kept clean and dry, and the vicinity of the building should not have clumps of weeds. In preserving frescoes in the environment, the temperature and humidity should be appropriate, and relatively stable, up and down changes can not be too strong. As long as this can be done, mold and other microorganisms will be difficult to grow and develop.
  4. To avoid the influence of light, there is absolutely no direct sunlight to the clay sculpture. If you have excluded the excessive moisture, generally speaking, in the dark to save more favorably. It is best to use artificial light source lighting so that it is easy to control the degree of illumination and more effectively eliminate light damage on the clay sculpture. To prevent dust, soot, and all kinds of harmful gases on the harm of clay sculpture. As a personal collection of small and medium-sized clay molding, should also comply with the above storage matters.

클레이 몰드를 만드는 세 가지 일반적인 방법:

방법 1: 핀치 성형 방법

  1. 점토를 충분히 준비하고 적절한 색상과 질감을 선택합니다.
  2. 점토를 균일한 공 모양으로 반죽합니다.
  3. Start kneading with the fingers and palms of the hands, first determining the basic shapes, such as the head, body, and limbs. Tools, such as knives and toothpicks, can assist.
  4. 얼굴 특징, 의상 텍스처 등을 추가하여 각 파트의 디테일을 계속 다듬습니다.
  5. 작업을 완료한 후에는 통풍이 잘되고 건조한 곳에 두어 경화시킵니다.

방법 2: 성형

  1. Prepare a mold; either use a ready-made mold or make your own.
  2. 점토를 균일한 공 모양으로 반죽합니다.
  3. 점토를 틀에 넣고 손가락으로 눌러 틀을 채웁니다.
  4. 틀을 가볍게 두드려 틀에서 점토가 풀리도록 합니다.
  5. 작품의 완성도를 확인하고, 다듬고, 필요한 경우 수정합니다.

방법 3: 조각하기

  1. 단단한 점토, 석고 등 조각에 적합하고 단단한 재료를 준비합니다.
  2. Using a knife, start carving the desired shape from the block material according to the design drawings or your imagination.
  3. 전체 모양부터 시작하여 각 부분의 세부 사항을 점차적으로 다듬습니다.
  4. 부상을 입거나 작품이 손상되지 않도록 조각의 강도와 방향에 주의하세요.
  5. 작업이 끝나면 다듬고 색칠할 수 있습니다.

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