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粘土彫刻の作り方

Clay sculpture, commonly known as “color sculpture,” clay art is a traditional Chinese and ancient common folk art. That is, with clay molded into a variety of images of a folk handicraft. The production method is the clay mixed with a little cotton fiber, pounded, and pinched into a variety of characters made of clay blanks, after drying, coated with primer, and then color painting. It takes clay as raw material, kneaded into shape by hand, or plain or colored, mainly figures and animals. Clay sculpture in folklore is commonly known as “color sculpture” or “clay play.”

粘土彫刻の制作工程

The basic material of clay sculpture – clay needs to be carefully prepared, usually clay with some viscosity and delicate soil, after pounding, wrestling, kneading, and sometimes adding some cotton wool, paper, honey, and so on in the clay. The molding of clay sculpture is generally divided into four steps: making a child, turning the mold, stripping, and coloring. The production of a child is the production of prototypes, finding a piece of clay and sound, the use of carving, shaping, kneading, and other techniques, shaping a good image, after modification, polishing, drying can be, and in some places, but also with the fire, to enhance the strength. Turning the mold is pressing the clay in the original shape printed into a mold, common single-piece mold, and double-piece mold, and there are also multiple pieces of mold. The tire is to use mold printing and pressing the mud person’s blank tire. Usually, the first and good mud is rolled into a sheet and then pushed into the mold. Then the two pieces of pressed mud mold together and pressed, and then a “bottom,” that is, in the lower part of the mud person stuck on a piece of mud, so that the mud person hollow outside the strict, leaving a hole in the body, so that the tire inside and outside of the air circulation, to avoid the tire inside the air pressure The last process is coloring. The last process is coloring, known as “three parts plastic, seven parts color” said. General coloring before the first layer of primer is used to keep the surface clean and make it easy to absorb the color of the color, and color pigments are more supplied with color, adjusted to the water glue to strengthen the color adhesion.

土偶のメンテナンス

土偶の破損には、人為的な損傷や自然的な損傷など、さまざまな理由がある。

  1. Natural factors include the influence of humidity, water-soluble salts, changes in the internal structure of the support, the growth of microorganisms, changes in the physical climate (which usually refers to temperature and humidity), sun, rain, and sand attack, the role of atmospheric pollutants, and so on. In addition, incorrect restoration methods and the use of inappropriate restoration materials also tend to accelerate the deterioration of clay sculpture.
  2. The common lesions of clay sculpture are mainly empty dropsy, flaking, crispy powder, cracking armor, blistering, peeling off the skin, picture fading, discoloration, and pollution (mold, insect feces, smoke, etc.). It is important to create a good protective environment for the long-term preservation of clay sculptures. Preventing the occurrence of lesions is more important than treating lesions. Only eliminate and produce the root cause of lesions to fundamentally protect the mud sculpture.
  3. The protection of clay sculpture is important to control the humidity. Because humidity is the most dangerous factor in making the mural lesions, buildings should maintain good ventilation conditions, which is significant for preserving the integrity of the mud sculpture. Walls should pay attention to maintain natural ventilation, the air inside the building should be kept clean and dry, and the vicinity of the building should not have clumps of weeds. In preserving frescoes in the environment, the temperature and humidity should be appropriate, and relatively stable, up and down changes can not be too strong. As long as this can be done, mold and other microorganisms will be difficult to grow and develop.
  4. To avoid the influence of light, there is absolutely no direct sunlight to the clay sculpture. If you have excluded the excessive moisture, generally speaking, in the dark to save more favorably. It is best to use artificial light source lighting so that it is easy to control the degree of illumination and more effectively eliminate light damage on the clay sculpture. To prevent dust, soot, and all kinds of harmful gases on the harm of clay sculpture. As a personal collection of small and medium-sized clay molding, should also comply with the above storage matters.

粘土型の一般的な3つの作り方:

方法1:ピンチ成形法

  1. 十分な量の粘土を用意し、適切な色と質感を選ぶ。
  2. 粘土を練って均一なボールにする。
  3. Start kneading with the fingers and palms of the hands, first determining the basic shapes, such as the head, body, and limbs. Tools, such as knives and toothpicks, can assist.
  4. 顔の特徴や衣服の質感などを加えながら、各パーツのディテールを洗練させていく。
  5. 作業終了後、風通しの良い乾燥した場所で養生する。

方法2:成形

  1. Prepare a mold; either use a ready-made mold or make your own.
  2. 粘土を練って均一なボールにする。
  3. 粘土を型に入れ、指で押して型を埋める。
  4. 型を軽くたたいて、型から粘土をほぐす。
  5. 作品の完成度をチェックし、トリミングし、必要であれば手直しする。

方法3:カービング

  1. 硬い粘土や石膏など、硬くて彫刻に適した材料を用意する。
  2. Using a knife, start carving the desired shape from the block material according to the design drawings or your imagination.
  3. 全体的な形から始めて、各パーツのディテールを徐々に洗練させていく。
  4. 怪我をしたり、作品を傷つけたりしないよう、彫る強さや方向に注意すること。
  5. 作品が完成したら、磨いて色をつける。

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